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Reyno Satria Ali Andi Arus Victor Ari Djatikusumo Gitalisa Andayani Anggun Rama Yudanta Mario Marbungaran Hutapea


Introduction: Proliferative Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of blindness in adults. In the management of vitreous hemorrhage, vitrectomy is the main choice and also laser photocoagulation with or without anti-VEGF administration as additional therapy. This study aims to determine the number of patients, demographic characteristics, clinics, risk factors, distribution of treatment, and treatment outcomes for PDR patients with vitreous hemorrhage at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital.

Methods: This study was retrospective descriptive study conducted from January 2020 to October 2022 who met the inclusion criteria. Population in this study were patients at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital with PDR accompanied by vitreous hemorrhage. Data shown in the table were mean (standard deviation) and number (percentage) based on the type of the data.

Result: A total of 146 patients with the diagnosis of Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) with vitreous hemorrhage. Majority of subjects were men (60,9%), diagnosed with DM more than 10 years (63,0%) with another systemic risk factor. The most common clinical characteristics found visual acuity at the initial visit <3/60 (80,8%), diagnosed phakia (78,9%), retinal detachment (85,3%), grade 2 vitreous hemorrhage (80,8%). The majority of eyes underwent vitrectomy (90,44%), Anti-VEGF injections (22,92%), Laser PRP (11,46 %), Phacoemulsification pre and post- vitrectomy as adjuvant treatment. The condition of the vitreous was clear after vitrectomy (99,1%). Mean visual acuity before vitrectomy is 2.10 (1.80 – 2.50), while mean visual acuity after vitctomy was 1.00 (1.30 – 2.40), with a difference in initial and final visual acuity of -0.10 (-0.50 – 0.60).

Conclusion: Majority of study subjects were men with an age range of 25-77 years. Vitrectomy as the main treatment combined with intravitreal injection of anti-VEGF, laser PRP as adjuvant treatment. In nearly all cases, vitreous hemorrhage was clear after vitrectomy treatment. Visual acuity after vitrectomy shows progress even though in some cases there was no improvement.


Diabetic Retinopathy, Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy, Vitreous Hemorrhage, Vitrectomy.

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How to Cite
ALI, Reyno Satria et al. CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY (PDR) PATIENTS WITH VITREOUS HEMORRHAGE AT CIPTO MANGUNKUSUMO HOSPITAL. International Journal of Retina, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 17, feb. 2023. ISSN 2614-8536. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 july 2024. doi:
Research Articles


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